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List: MassLep
Date: Sun, 17 Sep 2017 13:25:32 -0400
From: Sharon Stichter <sharonstichter2...>
Subject: Re: [MassLep] milkweed by any other name

This is a multi-part message in MIME format.

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Likewise just catching up on this conversation. First let me echo Linda Pi=
vacek=E2=80=99s sentiment =E2=80=93 it has been so uplifting and heartwarmi=
ng to hear what so many people have been doing to help butterflies! ..( in =
addition to just watching, counting and reporting, which are important, I t=
hink...). Especially the stories from Arlington, Southboro and Topsfield: =
wow people, way to go! I=E2=80=99d enjoy a longer write up of these cases=
in say, the club=E2=80=99s journal.

The topic of mowing is complicated, even just considering effects on butter=
flies alone. A few years ago some of us from the Club wrote a document whi=
ch is still on the Club website at http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabambc/bu=
tterfly-conservation.asp#mowing The pdf version was designed for emailin=
g, printing out, etc to help people in talking with others about land manag=
ement. I remember Don Adams, Alison Robb, Madeline Champagne and myself we=
re involved; there may have been others. The points about mower height, r=
otational mowing, and insect refugia are made. We attempted to sort out ef=
fects on different species of butterfly. =20

Every site is a little different, and management should depend on what plan=
ts and wildlife are already there. Mowing is always somewhat destructive (=
but less so than fire....), but some butterflies prefer the new tender shoo=
ts that spring up. Especially MONARCHS. I have seen whole fields of matur=
e common milkweed, with nary a Monarch egg or cat in it. But mow that fiel=
d down in say mid-to-end of July, and when new milkweed shoots come up, Mon=
archs love to lay their eggs on them. This is what happens in my hayfield =
in Newbury. (There is also actual research showing this...)

My thought about Jeanne=E2=80=99s 3 acre meadow would be that it is probabl=
y already providing nectar sources for many butterflies, and larval food fo=
r a few (asters for pearl crescents; perhaps some milkweed..., perhaps some=
grasses for Common Wood Nymphs?) More grass might produce Am Coppers, or=
Peck=E2=80=99s or Northern Broken Dash skippers, or other skippers if the =
area is wet. More saplings and young trees might produce Viceroy and Red-s=
potted Purple. I would first study what=E2=80=99s using the area now, then=
ask how it might or might not be augmented, and what species need the most=
encouragement. (Cabbage whites need no help!)=20

Very interesting topic! Glad to see all the interest in it. =20

Sharon Stichter
Newbury

From: Jeanne Boudreau=20
Sent: Saturday, September 16, 2017 7:47 PM
To: <cloutier...> ; <opihi...> ; Masslep MassLep=20
Subject: Re: [MassLep] milkweed by any other name

I love this conversation about mowing! We have a 3 acre meadow that hasn't =
been mowed in many years, (except for a walking path and a small section fo=
r a few fruit trees and berry bushes) and we do cut out tree saplings each =
spring to keep it meadow. I have often wondered... is there ever a benefit =
to wildlife to mow down at least some of it every few years? I suppose the =
answer is it depends but would love any feedback.=20

Thanks!
Jeanne Boudreau, Adams



On Sep 16, 2017, at 1:47 PM, Cloutier wrote:


Josh,=20
I agree. The mowing every 3rd year keep the field a field and dividing a =
large field in thirds gives a nearby refuge for field dwelling life. Also i=
t is important to have mower blades set 4 or more inches high so turtles an=
d toads can duck under. Where we have Box or Wood Turtles it is good to cha=
se them out before mowing. Researchers say mowing more than roads in wester=
n Mass is killing turtles.
Sue Cloutier, New Salem


-----Original Message-----=20
From: Josh=20
Sent: Sep 16, 2017 11:09 AM=20
To: MassLep=20
Subject: Re: [MassLep] milkweed by any other name=20


Actually Harry, I=E2=80=99ve been pushing further than that. Even after=
the goldenrod stops blooming, even after the field is covered with snow, t=
here are God knows how many chrysalises, cocoons, eggs, and other dormant i=
nsects in the plant stems and foliage. I recommend to anyone trying to mana=
ge grassland for conservation that, if they have a large enough patch, they=
should mow in a rotation. Mow half one year and the other half the next, o=
r have three sections and mow each every third year, etc. If the acreage is=
enough, a multi-year rotation benefits many bird species as well as plants=
and insects.=20

JSR


Joshua S. Rose, Ph.D.
Amherst, MA
http://bugguide.net/user/view/2399
https://www.facebook.com/opihi



On Sep 16, 2017, at 10:49 AM, pavulaan via MassLep <masslep@googlegro=
ups.com> wrote:

Freddie:

Why on earth would owners of "conservation" land schedule a mow on Au=
gust 1 in a field full of milkweed and no doubt other wild plants beneficia=
l to insects? That is peak caterpillar season for all kinds of Lepidoptera=
and not to mention hundreds, if not thousands, of other insects that depen=
d on a thriving mid-summer field. I'm sure the carnage was immeasurable.

Why do administrators of conservation lands, refuges, parks, wildlife=
management areas, etc. etc. not understand the concept that mowing during =
the peak growing season is a disaster to the environment? Several years ag=
o, the late Walter Bosse and I went to do a butterfly count at an Audubon S=
ociety of Rhode Island refuge around July 1. Walter knew the refuge to hav=
e ACRES of wildflowers and a bewildering array of butterflies (and other in=
sects) including a colony of Baltimores by the hundreds. When we arrived, =
there was a tractor mowing the fields to stubble! So much for wildlife, an=
d I'm sure the birds had one heck of a time finding alternate food sources.=
=20

Mow in the fall after the Goldenrods have stopped blooming.

Harry Pavulaan


-----Original Message-----
From: Freddie <fg481...>
Sent: Fri, Sep 15, 2017 10:42 pm


Oops Correction Operation Monarch Rescue was in 2012 (not 2016)

Freddie Gillespie

On Sep 15, 2017, at 7:35 PM, Freddie <fg481...> wrote:


Hi Brian and all
Part 1:
About 15 years ago we did a massive clear-cut and chemical treatmen=
t on our conservation land that was described as the largest oriental bitte=
rsweet infestation in Metro West. Over 35 acres of of nothing but dead Appl=
e trees supporting rolling hills of bittersweet. After the chemical treatm=
ent I noticed lots of plants were coming back but no milkweed. So I spent s=
everal years stopping wherever I saw a patch of milkweed and collecting som=
e of the seed pods I joked I need a bumper sticker that said "I Stop Short=
for Milkweed".
I then went to the conservation land with trash bags full of pods a=
nd distributed the milkweed seed. This was no high tech planting it was go=
ing for a walk and letting the seeds fly. Sometimes I'd scrape a bit of dir=
t with my heal and throw some seeds in.
I would take scout troops and other groups on nature walks and have=
them distribute seed. The parents always wanted their own to let fly too.=
=20
When I got out of my car there always seemed to be a cloud of Milkw=
eed escaping with me. People began to notice that along my normal commuting=
route there was Milkweed growing along the roadsides where none had grown =
before.=20
People started calling me Freddie Milkweed Seed.
There were so many Milkweed plants even I wondered if I had gone to=
o far.=20
Then came 2016, we were going to do an August 1 mow on about 15 acr=
es and I noticed monarchs laying eggs on the Milkweed plants. I felt terrib=
le - we had invited the monarchs to the Conservation Land and now we were m=
owing it down taking the eggs and cats down too.
So basically overnight we arranged "Operation Monarch Rescue" and h=
ad a dozen or so people out there the next morning with the help of Madelin=
e Champagne who didn't know me but generously came out to help show us what=
to do when I cold-called her. We rescued 11 cats and 55 eggs.=20
And although the population declined after that year not because of=
lack of milkweed but because of weather related issues, we have a very he=
althy population of milkweed plants and know that even without the monarchs=
they are a favorite flower of many other species of butterflies and bees.
And I'm happy to report this year we have seen an increase in the n=
umber of monarchs at Breakneck Hill Conservation Land.
Part 2 coming soon





Freddie Gillespie




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<HTML><HEAD><BASE href=3D"x-msg://85/"></HEAD>
<BODY=20
style=3D"WORD-WRAP: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-brea=
k: after-white-space"=20
dir=3Dltr>
<DIV dir=3Dltr>
<DIV style=3D"FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Calibri'; COLOR: #000000">
<DIV>Likewise just catching up on this conversation.&nbsp; First let me ech=
o=20
Linda Pivacek=E2=80=99s sentiment =E2=80=93 it has been so <STRONG>upliftin=
g and=20
heartwarming</STRONG> to hear what so many people have been doing to help=
=20
butterflies! ..( in addition to just watching, counting and reporting, whic=
h are=20
important, I think...).&nbsp; Especially the stories from Arlington, Southb=
oro=20
and Topsfield:&nbsp; wow people, way to go!&nbsp; I=E2=80=99d enjoy a longe=
r write up of=20
these cases in say, the club=E2=80=99s journal.</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>The topic of mowing is complicated, even just considering effects on=
=20
butterflies alone.&nbsp; A few years ago some of us from the Club wrote a=
=20
document which is still on the Club website at&nbsp; <A=20
title=3Dhttp://www.naba.org/chapters/nabambc/butterfly-conservation.asp#mow=
ing=20
href=3D"http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabambc/butterfly-conservation.asp#mow=
ing">http://www.naba.org/chapters/nabambc/butterfly-conservation.asp#mowing=
</A>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;=20
The pdf version was designed for emailing, printing out, etc to help people=
in=20
talking with others about land management.&nbsp; I remember Don Adams, Alis=
on=20
Robb, Madeline Champagne and myself were involved; there may have been=20
others.&nbsp;&nbsp; The points about mower height, rotational mowing, and i=
nsect=20
refugia are made.&nbsp; We attempted to sort out effects on different speci=
es of=20
butterfly.&nbsp; </DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Every site is a little different, and management should depend on what=
=20
plants and wildlife are already there.&nbsp; Mowing is always somewhat=20
destructive (but less so than fire....), but some butterflies prefer the ne=
w=20
tender shoots that spring up.&nbsp; Especially MONARCHS.&nbsp; I have seen =
whole=20
fields of mature common milkweed, with nary a Monarch egg or cat in it.&nbs=
p;=20
But mow that field down in say mid-to-end of July, and when new milkweed sh=
oots=20
come up, Monarchs love to lay their eggs on them.&nbsp; This is what happen=
s in=20
my hayfield in Newbury. (There is also actual research showing this...)</DI=
V>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>My thought about Jeanne=E2=80=99s 3 acre meadow would be that it is pr=
obably=20
already providing nectar sources for many butterflies, and larval food for =
a few=20
(asters for pearl crescents; perhaps some milkweed..., perhaps some grasses=
for=20
Common Wood Nymphs?)&nbsp;&nbsp; More grass might produce Am Coppers, or Pe=
ck=E2=80=99s=20
or Northern Broken Dash skippers, or other skippers if the area is wet.&nbs=
p;=20
More saplings and young trees might produce Viceroy and Red-spotted=20
Purple.&nbsp; I would first study what=E2=80=99s using the area now, then a=
sk how it=20
might or might not be augmented, and what species need the most encourageme=
nt.=20
(Cabbage whites need no help!) </DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Very interesting topic!&nbsp; Glad to see all the interest in it.&nbsp=
;=20
</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Sharon Stichter</DIV>
<DIV>Newbury</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>
<DIV=20
style=3D'FONT-SIZE: small; TEXT-DECORATION: none; FONT-FAMILY: "Calibri"; F=
ONT-WEIGHT: normal; COLOR: #000000; FONT-STYLE: normal; DISPLAY: inline'></=
DIV>
<DIV style=3D"FONT: 10pt tahoma">
<DIV style=3D"BACKGROUND: #f5f5f5">
<DIV style=3D"font-color: black"><B>From:</B> <A=20
title=<3Djeanne...>=20
href=3D"mailto:<jeanne...>">Jeanne Boudreau</A> </DIV>
<DIV><B>Sent:</B> Saturday, September 16, 2017 7:47 PM</DIV>
<DIV><B>To:</B> <A title=<3Dcloutier...>=20
href=3D"mailto:<cloutier...>"><cloutier...></A> ; <A=20
title=<3Dopihi...>=20
href=3D"mailto:<opihi...>"><opihi...></A> ; <A=20
title=<3Dmasslep...> href=3D"mailto:<masslep...>">M=
asslep=20
MassLep</A> </DIV>
<DIV><B>Subject:</B> Re: [MassLep] milkweed by any other name</DIV></DIV></=
DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV></DIV>
<DIV=20
style=3D'FONT-SIZE: small; TEXT-DECORATION: none; FONT-FAMILY: "Calibri"; F=
ONT-WEIGHT: normal; COLOR: #000000; FONT-STYLE: normal; DISPLAY: inline'>I=
=20
love this conversation about mowing! We have a 3 acre meadow that hasn't be=
en=20
mowed in many years, (except for a walking path and a small section for a f=
ew=20
fruit trees and berry bushes) and we do cut out tree saplings each spring t=
o=20
keep it meadow. I have often wondered... is there ever a benefit to wildlif=
e to=20
mow down at least some of it every few years? I suppose the answer is it de=
pends=20
but would love any feedback.=20
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>Thanks!</DIV>
<DIV>Jeanne Boudreau, Adams<BR>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>
<DIV>On Sep 16, 2017, at 1:47 PM, Cloutier wrote:</DIV><BR=20
class=3DApple-interchange-newline>
<BLOCKQUOTE type=3D"cite"><SPAN class=3DApple-style-span=20
style=3D"WHITE-SPACE: normal; WORD-SPACING: 0px; BORDER-COLLAPSE: separat=
e; TEXT-TRANSFORM: none; FONT: medium 'Helvetica Neue'; ORPHANS: 2; WIDOWS:=
2; LETTER-SPACING: normal; TEXT-INDENT: 0px; -webkit-border-horizontal-spa=
cing: 0px; -webkit-border-vertical-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-decorations-i=
n-effect: none; -webkit-text-size-adjust: auto; -webkit-text-stroke-width: =
0px">
<DIV>
<DIV=20
style=3D"FONT-SIZE: 13px; FONT-FAMILY: arial, sans-serif; COLOR: rgb(0,0,=
0); MARGIN: 0px">Josh,=20

<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">I agree. The mowing every 3rd year keep the fi=
eld a=20
field and dividing a large field in thirds gives a nearby refuge for fiel=
d=20
dwelling life. Also it is important to have mower blades set 4 or more in=
ches=20
high so turtles and toads can duck under. Where we have Box or Wood Turtl=
es it=20
is good to chase them out before mowing. Researchers say mowing more than=
=20
roads in western Mass is killing turtles.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Sue Cloutier, New Salem<BR><BR>
<BLOCKQUOTE=20
style=3D"FONT-SIZE: 10pt; TEXT-DECORATION: none; FONT-FAMILY: arial, sans=
-serif; FONT-WEIGHT: normal; COLOR: black; FONT-STYLE: normal; PADDING-LEFT=
: 5px; MARGIN-LEFT: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: rgb(0,0,255) 2px solid">-----Original=
=20
Message-----<SPAN class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><BR>From:=
=20
Josh<SPAN class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><OPIHI=20
@MINDSPRING.COM><BR>Sent: Sep 16, 2017 11:09 AM<SPAN=20
class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><BR>To: MassLep<SPAN=20
class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><MASSLEP=20
@GOOGLEGROUPS.COM><BR>Subject: Re: [MassLep] milkweed by any other name=
<SPAN=20
class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><BR><BR><ZZZHTML><ZZZHEAD><Z=
ZZMETA=20
content=3D"text/html charset=3Dutf-8"=20
http-equiv=3D"Content-Type"></ZZZMETA></ZZZHEAD><ZZZBODY=20
style=3D"WORD-WRAP: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-=
break: after-white-space">
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Actually Harry, I=E2=80=99ve been pushing fu=
rther than=20
that. Even after the goldenrod stops blooming, even after the field is=
=20
covered with snow, there are God knows how many chrysalises, cocoons, e=
ggs,=20
and other dormant insects in the plant stems and foliage. I recommend t=
o=20
anyone trying to manage grassland for conservation that, if they have a=
=20
large enough patch, they should mow in a rotation. Mow half one year an=
d the=20
other half the next, or have three sections and mow each every third ye=
ar,=20
etc. If the acreage is enough, a multi-year rotation benefits many bird=
=20
species as well as plants and insects. </DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">JSR</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">
<DIV=20
style=3D"WORD-WRAP: break-word; MARGIN: 0px; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; =
-webkit-line-break: after-white-space">
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px; TEXT-INDENT: 0px">Joshua S. Rose, Ph.D.<BR>A=
mherst,=20
MA<BR><A href=3D"http://bugguide.net/user/view/2399"=20
target=3D_blank>http://bugguide.net/user/view/2399</A></DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px; TEXT-INDENT: 0px"><A=20
href=3D"https://www.facebook.com/opihi"=20
target=3D_blank>https://www.facebook.com/opihi</A><BR><BR></DIV></DIV><=
/DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">
<BLOCKQUOTE type=3D"cite">
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">On Sep 16, 2017, at 10:49 AM, pavulaan via=
=20
MassLep &lt;<A href=3D"mailto:<masslep...>"=20
target=3D_blank><masslep...></A>&gt; wrote:</DIV>
<DIV>&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px"><FONT size=3D2 face=3Darial>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Freddie:</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Why on earth would owners of "conservation=
" land=20
schedule a mow on August 1 in a field full of milkweed and no doubt o=
ther=20
wild plants beneficial to insects?&nbsp; That is peak caterpillar sea=
son=20
for all kinds of Lepidoptera and not to mention hundreds, if not=20
thousands, of other insects that depend on a thriving mid-summer=20
field.&nbsp; I'm sure the carnage was immeasurable.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Why do administrators of conservation land=
s,=20
refuges, parks, wildlife management areas, etc. etc. not understand t=
he=20
concept that mowing during the peak growing season is a disaster to t=
he=20
environment?&nbsp; Several years ago, the late Walter Bosse and I wen=
t to=20
do a butterfly count at an Audubon Society of Rhode Island refuge aro=
und=20
July 1.&nbsp; Walter knew the refuge to have ACRES of wildflowers and=
a=20
bewildering array of butterflies (and other insects) including a colo=
ny of=20
Baltimores by the hundreds.&nbsp; When we arrived, there was a tracto=
r=20
mowing the fields to stubble!&nbsp; So much for wildlife, and I'm sur=
e the=20
birds had one heck of a time finding alternate food sources. </DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Mow in the fall after the Goldenrods have =
stopped=20
blooming.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Harry Pavulaan</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV>
<DIV=20
style=3D"FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: arial, helvetica; MARGIN: 0px"=
>-----Original=20
Message-----<BR>From: Freddie &lt;<A href=3D"mailto:<fg481...>=
"=20
target=3D_blank><fg481...></A>&gt;<BR>Sent: Fri, Sep 15, 2017 =
10:42=20
pm<BR><BR>
<DIV id=3DAOLMsgPart_2_f79dd253-89e0-4069-b202-72a71d065ec8=20
style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">
<DIV class=3DaolReplacedBody style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Oops Correction<SPAN=20
class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN><I>Operation Monarch Rescu=
e<SPAN=20
class=3DApple-converted-space>&nbsp;</SPAN></I>was in 2012 (not=20
2016)<BR><BR>Freddie Gillespie</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px"><BR>On Sep 15, 2017, at 7:35 PM, Freddie &=
lt;<A=20
rel=3D"noopener noreferrer" target=3D_blank=20
removedlink__2d401e56-45ed-4897-8c31-e536378bfc58__href=3D"mailto:fg4=
<81...>"><fg481...></A>&gt;=20
wrote:<BR><BR></DIV>
<BLOCKQUOTE>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Hi Brian and all</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Part 1:</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">About 15 years ago we did a massive clea=
r-cut=20
and chemical treatment on our conservation land that was described =
as=20
the largest oriental bittersweet infestation in Metro West. Over 35=
=20
acres of of nothing but dead Apple trees supporting rolling hills=
=20
of&nbsp; bittersweet. After the chemical treatment I noticed lots o=
f=20
plants were coming back but no milkweed. So I spent several years=
=20
stopping wherever I saw a patch of milkweed and collecting some of =
the=20
seed pods&nbsp; I joked I need a bumper sticker that said "I Stop S=
hort=20
for Milkweed".</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">I then went to the conservation land wit=
h trash=20
bags full of pods and distributed the milkweed seed. This was no hi=
gh=20
tech planting&nbsp; it was going for a walk and letting the seeds f=
ly.=20
Sometimes I'd scrape a bit of dirt with my heal and throw some seed=
s=20
in.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">I would take scout troops and other grou=
ps on=20
nature walks and have them distribute seed.&nbsp; The parents alway=
s=20
wanted their own to let fly too. </DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">When I got out of my car there always se=
emed to=20
be a cloud of Milkweed escaping with me. People began to notice tha=
t=20
along my normal commuting route there was Milkweed growing along th=
e=20
roadsides where none had grown before. </DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">People started calling me Freddie Milkwe=
ed=20
Seed.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">There were so many Milkweed plants even =
I=20
wondered if I had gone too far. </DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Then came 2016, we were going to do an A=
ugust 1=20
mow on about 15 acres and I noticed monarchs laying eggs on the Mil=
kweed=20
plants. I felt terrible - we had invited the monarchs to the=20
Conservation Land and now we were mowing it down taking the eggs an=
d=20
cats down too.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">So basically overnight we arranged "Oper=
ation=20
Monarch Rescue" and had a dozen or so people out there the next mor=
ning=20
with the help of<SPAN> Madeline Champagne who didn't know me but=20
generously came out to help show us what to do when I cold-called h=
er.=20
We&nbsp; rescued 11 cats and 55 eggs. </SPAN></DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">And although the population declined aft=
er that=20
year not because of lack of milkweed but because of weather&nbsp;=
=20
related issues, we have a very healthy population of milkweed plant=
s and=20
know that even without the monarchs they are a favorite flower of m=
any=20
other species of butterflies and bees.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">And I'm happy to report this year we hav=
e seen=20
an increase in the number of monarchs at Breakneck Hill Conservatio=
n=20
Land.</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Part 2 coming soon</DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px"><SPAN><BR></SPAN></DIV>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px"><BR><BR>
<DIV style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">Freddie Gillespie</DIV></DIV>
<DIV=20
style=3D"MARGIN: 0px">&nbsp;</DIV></DIV></BLOCKQUOTE></DIV></DIV></DI=
V></FONT></DIV></BLOCKQUOTE></DIV><BR></ZZZBODY></ZZZHTML>
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