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List: NorWest Leps
Date: Sun, 4 Feb 2018 00:36:21 +0000 (UTC)
From: <davidrawlinson2...> [NorWestLeps] <NorWestLeps...>
Subject: [NorWestLeps] Margined White, Pieris marginalis: San Mateo Co. (spring).

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Photos of Margined White butterfly, Pieris marginalis, in San Mateo Co. CA =
are assembled at Margined White, Pieris marginalis: San Mateo Co. | Flickr =
..The early months Jan - Apr are covered. May and later will be covered else=
where.=20

Previous notes have covered Mendocino and Sonoma Cos. As stated in my previ=
ous write-up for Sonoma Co., Margined Whites may be expected in the Bay Are=
a in two forms=E2=80=A6..venosa (coastal or fog-belt, has a summer form) an=
d microstriata (inland, no summer form in nature).=20

NOTES.=20

1. Samuel H. Scudder (1861) described then Pieris venosa from 20 specimens =
(5 male, 15 female) sent by Alexis Agassis to the Museum of Comparative Zoo=
logy, Harvard University (Proc. Boston Soc. Nat.Hist.8 183 ). Locations are=
Mendocino City and San Mateo Co. At least one specimen survives in the Mus=
eum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard U. ( Pieris venosa lectotype | graphic =
compiled from internet scr=E2=80=A6 | Flickr ).=20

2. John A Comstock described then Veined White (Pieris napi venosa Scud.) i=
n his book, see Butterflies of California, Scientific Publishers (reprint 1=
989). =E2=80=9C=E2=80=A6. is the most boldly and clearly marked of our Cali=
fornia race of napi. It occurs from the central part of the state northward=
at low elevations, and is never abundant. It flies in the early spring and=
represents a generation that has over wintered in the chrysalis.=E2=80=9D =
His illustrations are of specimens from Monterey Co., further south from Sa=
n Mateo Co.=20

3. More recently found is the Large Veined White, Pieris marginalis venosa,=
further south in San Luis Obispo Co. This is large and strongly marked: th=
ere are good photos on The Butterflies of America site.=20

4. Information about form microstriata is summarized in the Margined White:=
Sonoma Co. write-up.=20

5. Arthur M. Shapiro and Timothy D. Manolis, in =E2=80=9CField Guide to But=
terflies of the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento Valley Regions (2007)" has=
the best available survey. Reference is made to forms venosa (fog-belt) an=
d microstriata (inland), with illustrations. Form venosa north of the Bay i=
s said to be smaller, south of the Bay to be larger.=20

6. Arthur M Shapiro (Trans. Roy. Ent. Soc. .Lond. 127 (1), pp 65-71 1975) i=
ncludes studies on material from San Andreas Reservoir, San Mateo Co. =E2=
=80=9CA bivoltine, coastal, =E2=80=9Cfog-belt=E2=80=9D, venosa population f=
rom a deep ravine( floor about 68 m) in Douglas fir forest. Stock reared at=
25 degrees under 15 hr photoperiod resulted in 65% spring (diapausing) and=
35% summer (non-diapausing )phenotypes. There are photos of male and femal=
e (both dorsal and ventral) of the spring venosa, but not very good quality=
in my photocopy.=20

7. Robert Langston (Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 13: p84 1974) me=
ntions a report by Dennis Sorg that at Jasper Ridge, San Mateo Co., in Marc=
h 1971 the heavily veined venosa is accompanied by the unmarked summer form=
(castoria).=20

GENERAL.=20

Most of San Mateo Co. is bounded to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to th=
e east by San Francisco Bay: no =E2=80=9Cinland=E2=80=9D place is more than=
15 miles from the water. We thus might expect populations of Margined Whit=
e to be form venosa.=20

Male dorsal: these follow the description given for Sonoma Co. Margined Whi=
tes. As there, the markings seem to conform equally well to microstriata an=
d venosa. =E2=80=9DThe FW has the one median black spot.There are small bla=
ck conical marks at the rim from the apex down, and the rim cones opposite =
the median spot go nowhere near reaching out as far as the spot. The HW may=
appear only white but usually has minute black marks at the rim: from the =
rim inward there may be vein markings which look like show-through. =E2=80=
=9C=20

Female dorsal: most have very dark marking, venosa. But a few have lighter =
marking. Both dark and light can be found at the same location (see Burleig=
h Murray SP).=20

Ventral markings alone cannot be distinguished as from f. or m., though thi=
s is clear in some photos which show the dorsal as well. Most have very dar=
k marking, venosa, But a few have lighter marking.=20

CONCLUSION=20

It is tempting to state that all San Mateo individuals are of form venosa b=
ut this is not conclusively demonstrated by the photos. Some lighter indivi=
duals may be just lighter form venosa, or may be microstriata.=20

As usual, there is a need for more and better evidence. Present photographs=
of live individuals are haphazard, and there are few photos of set specime=
ns (2 by Josiah Gilbert)..=20

Interpretative comments are welcome.=20

David Rawlinson, Novato, Ca.=20


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<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 12pt; color: #000000"><div ari=
a-label=3D"Compose body"><div dir=3D"auto" style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; =
-webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;" data-mce-=
style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-brea=
k: after-white-space;"><br></div><div dir=3D"auto" style=3D"word-wrap: brea=
k-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;" d=
ata-mce-style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-l=
ine-break: after-white-space;">Photos of Margined White butterfly, Pieris m=
arginalis, in San Mateo Co. CA are assembled at &nbsp;<a href=3D"https://ww=
w.flickr.com/photos/34497109@N04/albums/72157691941636755" target=3D"_blank=
" data-mce-href=3D"https://www.flickr.com/photos/34497109@N04/albums/721576=
91941636755">Margined White, Pieris marginalis: San Mateo Co. | Flickr</a>&=
nbsp;.The early months Jan - Apr are covered. May and later will be covered=
elsewhere.</div><div dir=3D"auto" style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-=
nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;" data-mce-style=3D=
"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after=
-white-space;"><br></div><div dir=3D"auto" style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; =
-webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;" data-mce-=
style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-brea=
k: after-white-space;"><span style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14=
px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">Previous n=
otes have covered Mendocino and Sonoma Cos. As stated in my previous write-=
up for Sonoma Co., Margined Whites may be expected in the Bay Area in two f=
orms=E2=80=A6..venosa (coastal or fog-belt, has a summer form) and microstr=
iata (inland, no summer form in nature).</span><br style=3D"font-family: He=
lvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-s=
ize: 14px;"><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mc=
e-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=
=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family=
: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">NOTES.&nbsp;</div><div style=3D"font-family:=
Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; fon=
t-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 1=
4px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">1. Samuel=
H. Scudder (1861) described then Pieris &nbsp;venosa from 20 specimens (5 =
male, 15 female) sent by Alexis Agassis to the Museum of Comparative Zoolog=
y, Harvard University (Proc. Boston Soc. Nat.Hist.8 183 ). Locations are Me=
ndocino City and San Mateo Co. At least one specimen survives in the Museum=
of Comparative &nbsp;Zoology, Harvard U. (&nbsp;<a href=3D"https://www.fli=
ckr.com/photos/118126948@N03/22373189088/in/album-72157662707337529/" targe=
t=3D"_blank" data-mce-href=3D"https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/2=
2373189088/in/album-72157662707337529/">Pieris venosa lectotype | graphic c=
ompiled from internet scr=E2=80=A6 | Flickr</a>&nbsp;).&nbsp;</div><div sty=
le=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-fami=
ly: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helve=
tica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size=
: 14px;">2. John A Comstock described then Veined White (Pieris napi venosa=
Scud.) in his book, see Butterflies of California, Scientific Publishers (=
reprint 1989). =E2=80=9C=E2=80=A6. is the most boldly and clearly marked of=
our California race of napi. It occurs from the central part of the state =
northward at low elevations, and is never abundant. It flies in the early s=
pring and represents a generation that has over wintered in the chrysalis.=
=E2=80=9D His illustrations are &nbsp;of specimens from Monterey Co., furth=
er south from San Mateo Co.</div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font=
-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><=
br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-s=
tyle=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">3. More recently found &n=
bsp;is &nbsp;the Large Veined White, Pieris marginalis venosa, further sout=
h in &nbsp;San Luis Obispo Co. This is large and strongly marked: there are=
good photos on The Butterflies of America site.</div><div style=3D"font-fa=
mily: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica=
; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-si=
ze: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">4. I=
nformation about form microstriata is summarized in the Margined White: Son=
oma Co. write-up.</div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14p=
x;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><=
div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"fo=
nt-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">5. Arthur M. Shapiro and Timothy D.=
&nbsp;Manolis, in =E2=80=9CField Guide to Butterflies of the San Francisco=
Bay and Sacramento Valley Regions (2007)" has the best available survey. R=
eference is made to forms venosa (fog-belt) and microstriata (inland), with=
illustrations. Form venosa north of the Bay is said to be smaller, south o=
f the Bay to be larger.</div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-siz=
e: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br><=
/div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=
=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">6. Arthur M Shapiro (Trans. R=
oy. Ent. Soc. .Lond. 127 (1), pp 65-71 1975) includes studies on material f=
rom San Andreas Reservoir, San Mateo Co. =E2=80=9CA bivoltine, coastal, =E2=
=80=9Cfog-belt=E2=80=9D, venosa population from a deep ravine( floor about =
68 m) in Douglas fir forest. Stock &nbsp;reared at 25 degrees under 15 hr p=
hotoperiod resulted in 65% spring (diapausing) and 35% summer (non-diapausi=
ng )phenotypes. There are photos of male and female (both dorsal and ventra=
l) of the spring venosa, but not very good quality in my photocopy.</div><d=
iv style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"fon=
t-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family:=
Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; fon=
t-size: 14px;">7. Robert Langston (Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 1=
3: p84 1974) mentions a report by Dennis Sorg that at Jasper Ridge, San Mat=
eo Co., in March 1971 &nbsp;the heavily veined venosa is accompanied by the=
unmarked summer form (castoria).</div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica=
; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14=
px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data=
-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">GENERAL.</div><div =
style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-f=
amily: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: He=
lvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-s=
ize: 14px;">Most of San Mateo Co. is bounded to the west by the Pacific Oce=
an and to the east by San Francisco Bay: no =E2=80=9Cinland=E2=80=9D place =
is more than 15 miles from the water. We thus might expect populations of M=
argined White to be form venosa.</div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica;=
font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14p=
x;"><br></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-=
mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;">Male dorsal: these f=
ollow the description given for Sonoma Co. Margined Whites. As there, the m=
arkings seem to conform equally well to microstriata and venosa. =E2=80=9DT=
he FW has the one median black spot.There are small black conical&nbsp;<spa=
n style=3D"color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica=
, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3=
f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; fo=
nt-size: 13px;">marks at the rim from the apex down, and the rim cones oppo=
site the median spot go nowhere near reaching out as far as the spot. The H=
W may appear only &nbsp;white but usually has &nbsp;minute black marks at t=
he rim: from the rim inward there may be vein markings which look like show=
-through.&nbsp;</span><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helve=
tica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-fami=
ly: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color:=
#3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Robot=
o;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">=
=E2=80=9C</span></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-siz=
e: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span=
style=3D"color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica,=
Arial, san-serif, Roboto; font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f=
3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; fon=
t-size: 13px;"><br></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-=
size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><s=
pan style=3D"color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helveti=
ca, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3=
f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; =
font-size: 13px;">Female dorsal: most have very dark marking, venosa. But a=
few have lighter marking. Both dark and light can be found at the same loc=
ation (see Burleigh Murray SP).</span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helv=
etica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-siz=
e: 14px;"><span style=3D"color: rgb(63, 63, 63); font-family: 'Helvetica Ne=
ue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto; font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=
=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-se=
rif, Roboto; font-size: 13px;"><br></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: =
Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font=
-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Ar=
ial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Hel=
vetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f=
; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><spa=
n style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">Ventral ma=
rkings alone cannot be distinguished as&nbsp;from f. or m., though this is =
clear in some photos&nbsp;which show the dorsal as well. Most have very dar=
k marking, venosa, But a few have lighter marking.</span></span></div><div =
style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-f=
amily: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helveti=
ca Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3=
f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" s=
tyle=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sa=
n-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-s=
ize: 13px;"><br></span></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; f=
ont-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;=
"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-ser=
if, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue'=
, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-famil=
y: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"f=
ont-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">CONCLUSION</span></spa=
n></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-st=
yle=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" fa=
ce=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=
=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-se=
rif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helve=
tica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-=
style=3D"font-size: 13px;"><br></span></span></div><div style=3D"font-famil=
y: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; f=
ont-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica,=
Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: '=
Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3=
f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><=
span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">It is t=
empting to state that all San Mateo individuals are of form venosa but this=
is not conclusively demonstrated by the photos. Some lighter individuals m=
ay be just&nbsp;lighter form venosa, or may be microstriata.</span></span><=
/div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=
=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=
=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"=
color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif,=
Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica=
, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-styl=
e=3D"font-size: 13px;"><br></span></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: H=
elvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-=
size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Ari=
al, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helv=
etica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f;=
font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span=
style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">As usual,&n=
bsp;there is a need for more and better&nbsp;evidence. Present photographs =
of live individuals are haphazard, and there are few photos of set specimen=
s (2 by Josiah Gilbert)..</span></span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Hel=
vetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-si=
ze: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial=
, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvet=
ica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; f=
ont-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span s=
tyle=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;"><br></span></=
span></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce=
-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f"=
face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-styl=
e=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-s=
erif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helv=
etica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce=
-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">Interpretative comments are welcome.</span></sp=
an></div><div style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-s=
tyle=3D"font-family: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" f=
ace=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=
=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-se=
rif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helve=
tica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-=
style=3D"font-size: 13px;"><br></span></span></div><div style=3D"font-famil=
y: Helvetica; font-size: 14px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-family: Helvetica; f=
ont-size: 14px;"><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica,=
Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: '=
Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3=
f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><=
span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-style=3D"font-size: 13px;">David R=
awlinson, Novato, Ca.</span></span></div><div><span color=3D"#3f3f3f" face=
=3D"Helvetica Neue, Helvetica, Arial, san-serif, Roboto" data-mce-style=3D"=
color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, san-serif,=
Roboto;" style=3D"color: #3f3f3f; font-family: 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica=
, Arial, san-serif, Roboto;"><span style=3D"font-size: 13px;" data-mce-styl=
e=3D"font-size: 13px;"><br></span></span></div></div></div></div>



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