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Date: Wed, 4 Oct 2017 21:17:21 -0700
From: Paul Cherubini <monarch...> [western_monarchs] <western_monarchs...>
Subject: Re: [western_monarchs] Permanent Marker Destroys Monarch Wings
---- ---------------------- -------------------------------------------------- 0.00 HTML_MESSAGE BODY: HTML included in message 0.01 BSF_SC2_SA022a Custom Rule SA022a 1.00 BSF_SC0_SA828 Custom Outbreak Rule BSF_SC0_SA828X-Originating-IP: 98.138.100.121X-Original-From: Paul Cherubini <monarch...>From: "Paul Cherubini <monarch...> [western_monarchs]" <western_monarchs...>X-Yahoo-Profile: stelliomatsonSender: <western_monarchs...>: 1.0Mailing-List: list <western_monarchs...>; contact <western_monarchs-owner...>: mailing list <western_monarchs...>: <western_monarchs.yahoogroups.com>Precedence: bulkList-Unsubscribe: <mailto:<western_monarchs-unsubscribe...>Date: Wed, 4 Oct 2017 21:17:21 -0700Subject: Re: [western_monarchs] Permanent Marker Destroys Monarch WingsReply-To: <western_monarchs...>: groups-email-tradh-m
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> Paul, Do you have documentation to prove this?=20

Below is one of many reports about the Sharpie marking of thousands of over=
wintering
monarchs: http://www.ventanaws.org/pdf/about_research/Monarch%20Report_2004=
.pdf

page 6: =E2=80=9Cwe also marked nearly 3,000 individuals with a Sharpie pen=
in
one of the marginal cells of the right hindwing. This was done by
undergraduate students from a Cal Poly Animal Behavior class=20
conducted by [Professor] Dennis Frey on five sessions in November
and December 2003:

Here=E2=80=99s a report about Sharpie marking of summer monarchs
http://tinyurl.com/ya7446lr

"two Sharpie markers, one blue (male), one red (female) to=20
differentiate sampled butterflies from a distance by a wing=20
symbol (Figure 2)"

Paul Cherubini
El Dorado, Calif
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<div style=3D"word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line=
-break: after-white-space;" class=3D""><div class=3D""><blockquote type=3D"=
cite" class=3D"">Paul, Do you have documentation to prove this?&nbsp;<br cl=
ass=3D""></blockquote><br class=3D"">Below is one of many reports about the=
Sharpie marking of thousands of overwintering<br class=3D"">monarchs:&nbsp=
;<a href=3D"http://www.ventanaws.org/pdf/about_research/Monarch%20Report_20=
04.pdf" class=3D"">http://www.ventanaws.org/pdf/about_research/Monarch%20Re=
port_2004.pdf</a></div><div class=3D""><br class=3D""></div><div class=3D""=
>page 6: =E2=80=9Cwe also marked nearly 3,000 individuals with a Sharpie pe=
n in<br class=3D"">one of the marginal cells of the right hindwing. &nbsp;T=
his was done by<br class=3D"">undergraduate students from a Cal Poly Animal=
Behavior class&nbsp;<br class=3D"">conducted by [Professor] Dennis Frey on=
five sessions in November<br class=3D"">and December 2003:</div><div class=
=3D""><br class=3D""></div><div class=3D"">Here=E2=80=99s a report about Sh=
arpie marking of summer monarchs</div><div class=3D""><b class=3D""><a href=
=3D"http://tinyurl.com/ya7446lr" class=3D"">http://tinyurl.com/ya7446lr</a>=
</b></div><div class=3D""><b class=3D""><br class=3D""></b></div><div class=
=3D""><b class=3D"">"</b>two Sharpie markers, one blue (male), one red (fem=
ale) to&nbsp;</div><div class=3D"">differentiate sampled butterflies from a=
distance by a wing&nbsp;</div><div class=3D"">symbol (Figure 2)"</div><div=
class=3D""><b class=3D""><br class=3D""></b></div><div class=3D""><b class=
=3D"">Paul Cherubini</b></div><div class=3D""><b class=3D"">El Dorado, Cali=
f</b></div></div>



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