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List: SoWestLep
Date: Sun, 8 Mar 2020 22:22:59 +0000
From: Todd Stout <todd...>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!

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Great photos, Bryan!! I love the last photo of streckeri.

It looks like M. y. reinthali flies in Central and Eastern OK whereas ssp=
. coloradensis extends eastward to western Oklahoma. I was just looking at=
the thumbnails for reinthali and it looks like many of your resident Yucca=
don't look too healthy when infested with yuccae larvae. http://butterfli=
esofamerica.com/t/Megathymus_yuccae_reinthali_a.htm. Part of the challeng=
e of looking for tents is that some may have been constructed 18 months pre=
vious where if you dig out an infested root, you may find an empty pupal ca=
se that eclosed one year ago. Year old tents can sometimes be avoided with=
experience where usually the frass has been washed away by precipitation a=
nd only the tent remains.

[cid:<image002.jpg...>][cid:<image010.jpg...>]
Thx, Todd


Todd L. Stout
Raising Butterflies
https://store.raisingbutterflies.org<https://store.raisingbutterflies.org/=
>
http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/
<todd...><mailto:<todd...>
801-326-4683

From: <SoWestLeps...> <SoWestLeps...> On Behalf Of Bryan Reyno=
lds via Groups.Io
Sent: Sunday, March 08, 2020 9:21 AM
To: <SoWestLeps...>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!

Todd,

Thanks for these two emails. I didn't realize the plants would be dead (o=
r nearly so). I've been looking at the healthier looking ones...

I had my one and only memorable day with several adults of this species on=
31 March 2012 in central Oklahoma. I photographed (on slide film) several=
adults, courtship, mating, ovipositing and eggs within a small area and a =
couple hours. I've been back several times to get updated digital photos, =
but no luck. I don't think the adults are out for very long. Here's an al=
bum of that wonderful experience: https://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanereyn=
olds/albums/72157685032935085/with/13020088895/

Take care,
Bryan

Bryan E. Reynolds

Find me on Facebook: Bryan Reynolds/Nature Photographer

My Flickr Photostream: http://www.flickr.com/bryanereynolds<http://www.fl=
ickr.com/photos/78441846%40N03/>

________________________________
From: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...> <SoWestLeps@groups=
.io<mailto:<SoWestLeps...>> on behalf of Todd Stout <todd@raisingbutt=
erflies.org<mailto:<todd...>>
Sent: Saturday, March 7, 2020 8:36 PM
To: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...> <SoWestLeps...>=
o<mailto:<SoWestLeps...>>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!


Hi Mary,



You're welcome. Here is another photo of an infested plant showing the ten=
t with frass around it. Some of the leaves on this plant haven't died yet =
suggesting the root may be wider than the other plant I shared that likely =
had a thinner root and a more accelerated death. The rate of plant mortali=
ty from the caterpillar burrow has to do with the size of the plant/width o=
f the root that has a tunnel burrowed in it. The wider the root, the longe=
r it will hold on before dying. When you remove the top of the tent, you s=
hould see white powder that was spun there by the larva itself to work as a=
n anti-dessicant. Overwintering larvae/pupae tend to be between 12" to 4" =
below the surface of the crown depending upon whether it goes straight down=
or T's off similar to the drawing of a young lepidopterist fascinated by t=
he life history of yucca giant skippers. (See below.)





[cid:<image003.jpg...>][cid:<image004.jpg...>]





Thx, Todd





Todd L. Stout
Raising Butterflies

https://store.raisingbutterflies.org<https://store.raisingbutterflies.org/=
>
http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/
<todd...><mailto:<todd...>
801-326-4683



From: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...> <SoWestLeps@groups=
.io<mailto:<SoWestLeps...>> On Behalf Of Mary Klinkel via Groups.Io
Sent: Saturday, March 07, 2020 7:11 PM
To: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!



Thanks for this info Todd. Fred Heath & I went out today wandering in a l=
ovely yucca area near Tucson recommended by Brian Banker, but we didn't rea=
lly know what to look for other than hoping we would be lucky. I will now =
look for dead yucca rather than live ones, and go earlier in the morning :)

Mary Klinkel



On Sat, Mar 7, 2020 at 7:04 PM Todd Stout <todd...><mai=
lto:<todd...>> wrote:

Hi Pete,



That's good advice to find post-diapause larvae or pupae before their flig=
ht. There is no need to take the tent home, however. You can place the po=
st-diapause larva or pupa in a squat tub with facial tissue to protect. You=
take the post-diapause larva or pupa home to emerge. Depending upon the y=
ucca species, The infested yucca crown and associated root usually doesn't =
survive the infestation of the larval tunnel through the center of its root=
. Fortunately other taproots exist nearby and pop up at a greater rate tha=
n the infestation of these yucca giant skippers; insuring the survival of t=
he plant where this species flies. Dr. Andrew D. Warren provided a video o=
n how to harvest yucca giant skipper pupae from infested yucca plant roots.=
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3D55ynC8GtMd0.



Again, in the west, the key is to look for dying or dead infested yucca pl=
ants with a conspicuous tent in the center. One would ignore healthy green=
plants with no tents. Those don't have a yucca giant skipper tunneling ou=
t its roots.



[cid:<image005.jpg...>]





[cid:<image006.png...>]



Thx, Todd





Todd L. Stout

Raising Butterflies

https://store.raisingbutterflies.org

http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/

<todd...><mailto:<todd...>

801-326-4683



-----Original Message-----
From: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...> <SoWestLeps@groups=
.io<mailto:<SoWestLeps...>> On Behalf Of Pete Spino via Groups.Io
Sent: Saturday, March 07, 2020 6:13 PM
To: <SoWestLeps...><mailto:<SoWestLeps...>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!



Lori,

Not to dissuade you and quest of seeing an adult Yucca Giant Skipper in Ap=
ril. Anyone can play the state lottery and can win. But your request is not=
an easy one to answer. I only know of a small handful of people that saw a=
n adult in the field. And I'm not one of them. Only a very small number of =
those sightings were by luck or accident.



The others have gone by the route of finding their parasite's host plant a=
nd digging around the base and looking for their underground larval tent en=
closures fashioned by the immature caterpillar. Then taking the tent and im=
mature and trying to rear it to adulthood.



Believe it or not, that way is much more successful than being at the righ=
t spot at the exact right time in the chill of the early morning to find an=
adult before it warms up and takes wing for the day. They're extremely fas=
t flyers and most won't know one just whizzed by.



My suggestion to you and your husband would be of the mindset not see it a=
nd maybe you will. I'm still playing that game years later.



Best wishes,

Pete Spino

San Diego









On Saturday, March 7, 2020, 11:52:58 PM GMT, Lori Conrad <lconrad6853@gmai=
l.com<mailto:<lconrad6853...>> wrote:







Hi,



I posted this question in early February & only had one response, & not a =
positive one. Has anyone actually ever SEEN a Yucca Giant Skipper in southe=
rn California? I'm beginning to wonder.



I would really like to try to see one in April. Can anyone provide any fai=
rly recent intel on ANY possible locations? We have looked in Anza Borrego =
SP many times with no luck. We will be in AB again for a couple of days in =
mid April. I read that the ssp. harbosoni has been found just west of Sciss=
or's Crossing (we've looked!), & in/near the San Dieguito lagoon area. Tha=
t their host plant can be found on the hillsides there, but it just looks s=
o developed when perusing a map. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciat=
ed. Please email me offlist.



Thanks,



Lori & Mark Conrad

Portal, AZ
































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<div class=3D"WordSection1">
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Great photos, Bryan!!&nbsp; I love the la=
st photo of
<i>streckeri</i>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">It looks like
<i>M. y. reinthali</i>&nbsp; flies in Central and Eastern OK whereas ssp. =
<i>coloradensis</i> extends eastward to western Oklahoma. &nbsp;I was just =
looking at the thumbnails for
<i>reinthali</i> and it looks like many of your resident <i>Yucca</i> don&=
#8217;t look too healthy when infested with
<i>yuccae</i> larvae.&nbsp; </span><a href=3D"http://butterfliesofamerica.=
com/t/Megathymus_yuccae_reinthali_a.htm">http://butterfliesofamerica.com/t/=
Megathymus_yuccae_reinthali_a.htm</a>.&nbsp;
<span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,serif;c=
olor:#002060">&nbsp;</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quo=
t;Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Part of the challenge of looking for t=
ents is that some may have been constructed 18 months previous
where if you dig out an infested root, you may find an empty pupal case t=
hat eclosed one year ago.&nbsp; Year old tents can sometimes be avoided wit=
h experience where usually the frass has been washed away by precipitation =
and only the tent remains.&nbsp;
<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><img border=3D"0" width=3D"523" height=3D"441" styl=
e=3D"width:5.4479in;height:4.5937in" id=3D"Picture_x0020_1" src=3D"cid:imag=
<e002.jpg...>"><img border=3D"0" width=3D"630" height=3D"441" =
style=3D"width:6.5625in;height:4.5937in" id=3D"Picture_x0020_2" src=3D"cid:=
<image010.jpg...>"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family=
:&quot;Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Thx, Todd<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Todd L. Stout</span><span style=3D"font-s=
ize:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy">
<br>
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,=
serif;color:navy">Raising Butterflies<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"https://store=
.raisingbutterflies.org/"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot=
;Constantia&quot;,serif">https://store.raisingbutterflies.org</span></a></s=
pan><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,seri=
f;color:navy">
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&q=
uot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;<br>
</span><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"http://www.raisingbutterflies=
.org/about-me/"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constanti=
a&quot;,serif">http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/</span></a></span=
><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,se=
rif;color:navy">
<br>
</span><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"mailto:todd@raisingbutterflie=
s.org"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,s=
erif"><todd...></span></a></span><span style=3D"font-size=
:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy"><br>
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,=
serif;color:navy">801-326-4683</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-f=
amily:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy">
</span><span style=3D"color:navy"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;C=
onstantia&quot;,serif;color:navy"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
<div>
<div style=3D"border:none;border-top:solid #E1E1E1 1.0pt;padding:3.0pt 0in=
0in 0in">
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><b>From:</b> <SoWestLeps...> &lt;SoWestLeps@gr=
oups.io&gt; <b>
On Behalf Of </b>Bryan Reynolds via Groups.Io<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Sunday, March 08, 2020 9:21 AM<br>
<b>To:</b> <SoWestLeps...><br>
<b>Subject:</b> Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd r=
equest!<o:p></o:p></p>
</div>
</div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></p>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black">Todd,<=
o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black"><o:p>&=
nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black">Thanks=
for these two emails.&nbsp; I didn't realize the plants would be dead (or =
nearly so).&nbsp; I've been looking at the healthier looking ones...<o:p></=
o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black"><o:p>&=
nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black">I had =
my one and only memorable day with several adults of this species on 31 Mar=
ch 2012 in central Oklahoma.&nbsp; I photographed (on slide film) several a=
dults, courtship, mating, ovipositing and
eggs within a small area and a couple hours.&nbsp; I've been back several=
times to get updated digital photos, but no luck.&nbsp; I don't think the =
adults are out for very long.&nbsp; Here's an album of that wonderful exper=
ience:&nbsp;
<a href=3D"https://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanereynolds/albums/72157685032=
935085/with/13020088895/">
https://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanereynolds/albums/72157685032935085/with=
/13020088895/</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black"><o:p>&=
nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black">Take c=
are,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black">Bryan<=
o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black"><o:p>&=
nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div id=3D"Signature">
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:18.0pt;font-family:&quot;B=
ookman Old Style&quot;,serif">Bryan E. Reynolds<br>
<br>
</span><span style=3D"color:black">Find me on Facebook:&nbsp; Bryan Reynol=
ds/Nature Photographer<br>
<br>
My Flickr Photostream:&nbsp; <a href=3D"http://www.flickr.com/photos/78441=
846%40N03/" target=3D"_blank">
http://www.flickr.com/<span style=3D"color:black">bryanereynolds</span></a=
></span><o:p></o:p></p>
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;color:black"><o:p>&=
nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"center" style=3D"text-align:center">
<hr size=3D"2" width=3D"98%" align=3D"center">
</div>
<div id=3D"divRplyFwdMsg">
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><b><span style=3D"color:black">From:</span></b><spa=
n style=3D"color:black">
<a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>"><SoWestLeps...></a> &lt;<a hr=
ef=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>"><SoWestLeps...></a>&gt; on behalf o=
f Todd Stout &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:<todd...>">todd@raisin=
gbutterflies.org</a>&gt;<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Saturday, March 7, 2020 8:36 PM<br>
<b>To:</b> <a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>"><SoWestLeps...></a=
> &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>"><SoWestLeps...></a>&gt;<=
br>
<b>Subject:</b> Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd r=
equest!</span>
<o:p></o:p></p>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p>
</div>
</div>
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Hi Mary,</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">You&#8217;re welcome. Here is another ph=
oto of an infested plant showing the tent with frass around it.&nbsp; Some =
of the leaves on this plant haven&#8217;t died yet suggesting the
root may be wider than the other plant I shared that likely had a thinner=
root and a more accelerated death.&nbsp; The rate of plant mortality from =
the caterpillar burrow has to do with the size of the plant/width of the ro=
ot that has a tunnel burrowed in it.&nbsp;
The wider the root, the longer it will hold on before dying.&nbsp; When y=
ou remove the top of the tent, you should see white powder that was spun th=
ere by the larva itself to work as an anti-dessicant.&nbsp; Overwintering l=
arvae/pupae tend to be between 12&#8221; to 4&#8221; below
the surface of the crown depending upon whether it goes straight down or =
T&#8217;s off similar to the drawing of a young lepidopterist fascinated by=
the life history of yucca giant skippers.&nbsp; (See below.)</span><o:p></=
o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><img border=3D"0" width=3D"690" height=3D"517" sty=
le=3D"width:7.1875in;height:5.3854in" id=3D"x_Picture_x0020_1" src=3D"cid:i=
<mage003.jpg...>"><img border=3D"0" width=3D"388" height=3D"51=
7" style=3D"width:4.0416in;height:5.3854in" id=3D"x_Picture_x0020_2" src=3D=
"cid:<image004.jpg...>"><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Thx, Todd</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">Todd L. Stout</span><span style=3D"font-=
size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy">
<br>
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,=
serif;color:navy">Raising Butterflies</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"https://stor=
e.raisingbutterflies.org/"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quo=
t;Constantia&quot;,serif">https://store.raisingbutterflies.org</span></a></=
span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,ser=
if;color:navy">
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&q=
uot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;<br>
</span><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"http://www.raisingbutterflies=
.org/about-me/"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constanti=
a&quot;,serif">http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/</span></a></span=
><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,se=
rif;color:navy">
<br>
</span><span style=3D"color:navy"><a href=3D"mailto:todd@raisingbutterflie=
s.org"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,s=
erif"><todd...></span></a></span><span style=3D"font-size=
:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy"><br>
</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;Constantia&quot;,=
serif;color:navy">801-326-4683</span><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-f=
amily:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;,serif;color:navy">
</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><span style=3D"font-size:12.0pt;font-family:&quot;=
Constantia&quot;,serif;color:navy">&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal"><b>From:</b> <a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>=
o"><SoWestLeps...></a> &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>">SoW=
<estLeps...></a>&gt;
<b>On Behalf Of </b>Mary Klinkel via Groups.Io<br>
<b>Sent:</b> Saturday, March 07, 2020 7:11 PM<br>
<b>To:</b> <a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>"><SoWestLeps...></a=
><br>
<b>Subject:</b> Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd r=
equest!<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p>
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal">Thanks for this info Todd.&nbsp; Fred Heath &amp; =
I went out today wandering in a lovely yucca area near Tucson recommended b=
y Brian Banker, but we didn't really know what to look for other than hopin=
g we would be lucky.&nbsp; I will now look for dead
yucca rather than live ones, and go earlier in the morning :)<o:p></o:p><=
/p>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal">Mary Klinkel<o:p></o:p></p>
</div>
</div>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p>
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"xmsonormal">On Sat, Mar 7, 2020 at 7:04 PM Todd Stout &lt;<a h=
ref=3D"mailto:<todd...>"><todd...></a>&=
gt; wrote:<o:p></o:p></p>
</div>
<blockquote style=3D"border:none;border-left:solid #CCCCCC 1.0pt;padding:0=
in 0in 0in 6.0pt;margin-left:4.8pt;margin-top:5.0pt;margin-right:0in;margin=
-bottom:5.0pt">
<div>
<div>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Hi Pete,<o:p></o:p><=
/p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">That&#8217;s good ad=
vice to find post-diapause larvae or pupae before their flight.&nbsp; There=
is no need to take the tent home, however.&nbsp; You can place the post-di=
apause larva or pupa in a squat tub with facial tissue
to protect. You take the post-diapause larva or pupa home to emerge.&nbsp=
; Depending upon the yucca species, The infested yucca crown and associated=
root usually doesn't survive the infestation of the larval tunnel through =
the center of its root.&nbsp; Fortunately other
taproots exist nearby and pop up at a greater rate than the infestation o=
f these yucca giant skippers; insuring the survival of the plant where this=
species flies.&nbsp; Dr. Andrew D. Warren provided a video on how to harve=
st yucca giant skipper pupae from infested
yucca plant roots.&nbsp; <a href=3D"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3D55y=
nC8GtMd0" target=3D"_blank">
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3D55ynC8GtMd0</a>.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Again, in the west, =
the key is to look for dying or dead infested yucca plants with a conspicuo=
us tent in the center.&nbsp; One would ignore healthy green plants with no =
tents.&nbsp; Those don&#8217;t have a yucca giant skipper
tunneling out its roots.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext"><img border=3D"0" wi=
dth=3D"1011" height=3D"1153" style=3D"width:10.5312in;height:12.0104in" id=
=3D"x_gmail-m_-8365381658661649367Picture_x0020_1" src=3D"cid:image005.jpg=
@01D5F562.6C4810C0"><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext"><img border=3D"0" wi=
dth=3D"1100" height=3D"980" style=3D"width:11.4583in;height:10.2083in" id=
=3D"x__x005f_x0000_i1026" src=3D"cid:<image006.png...>"><o:p>=
</o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Thx, Todd<o:p></o:p>=
</p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Todd L. Stout <o:p><=
/o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Raising Butterflies<=
o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext"><a href=3D"https://s=
tore.raisingbutterflies.org" target=3D"_blank">https://store.raisingbutterf=
lies.org</a>&nbsp;
<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext"><a href=3D"http://ww=
w.raisingbutterflies.org/about-me/" target=3D"_blank">http://www.raisingbut=
terflies.org/about-me/</a>
<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext"><a href=3D"mailto:to=
<dd...>" target=3D"_blank"><todd...></a=
><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">801-326-4683 <o:p></=
o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">-----Original Messag=
e-----<br>
From: <a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>" target=3D"_blank">SoWestLeps=
@groups.io</a> &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>" target=3D"_blank=
"><SoWestLeps...></a>&gt; On Behalf Of Pete Spino via Groups.Io<br>
Sent: Saturday, March 07, 2020 6:13 PM<br>
To: <a href=3D"mailto:<SoWestLeps...>" target=3D"_blank">SoWestLeps@g=
roups.io</a><br>
Subject: Re: [SoWestLeps] RFI: Yucca Giant Skipper locations? 2nd request!=
<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Lori,<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Not to dissuade you =
and quest of seeing an adult Yucca Giant Skipper in April. Anyone can play =
the state lottery and can win. But your request is not an easy one to answe=
r. I only know of a small handful of
people that saw an adult in the field. And I'm not one of them. Only a ve=
ry small number of those sightings were by luck or accident.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">The others have gone=
by the route of finding their parasite's host plant and digging around the=
base and looking for their underground larval tent enclosures fashioned by=
the immature caterpillar. Then taking
the tent and immature and trying to rear it to adulthood.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Believe it or not, t=
hat way is much more successful than being at the right spot at the exact r=
ight time in the chill of the early morning to find an adult before it warm=
s up and takes wing for the day. They're
extremely fast flyers and most won't know one just whizzed by.<o:p></o:p>=
</p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">My suggestion to you=
and your husband would be of the mindset not see it and maybe you will. I'=
m still playing that game years later.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Best wishes,<o:p></o=
:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Pete Spino<o:p></o:p=
></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">San Diego<o:p></o:p>=
</p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">On Saturday, March 7=
, 2020, 11:52:58 PM GMT, Lori Conrad &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:lconrad6853@gmai=
l.com" target=3D"_blank"><span style=3D"color:navy;text-decoration:none">lc=
<onrad6853...></span></a>&gt; wrote:<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Hi,<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">I posted this questi=
on in early February &amp; only had one response, &amp; not a positive one.=
Has anyone actually ever SEEN a Yucca Giant Skipper in southern California=
? I'm beginning to wonder.<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">I would really like =
to try to see one in April. Can anyone provide any fairly recent intel on A=
NY possible locations? We have looked in Anza Borrego SP many times with no=
luck. We will be in AB again for a
couple of days in mid April. I read that the ssp. harbosoni has been foun=
d just west of Scissor's Crossing (we've looked!), &amp;&nbsp; in/near the =
San Dieguito lagoon area. That their host plant can be found on the hillsid=
es there, but it just looks so developed when
perusing a map. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Please emai=
l me offlist.&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Thanks,<o:p></o:p></=
p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Lori &amp; Mark Conr=
ad<o:p></o:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">Portal, AZ<o:p></o:p=
></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;&nbsp;<o:p></o=
:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;&nbsp;<o:p></o=
:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;&nbsp;<o:p></o=
:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;&nbsp;<o:p></o=
:p></p>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
<p class=3D"xgmail-m-8365381658661649367msoplaintext">&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></p=
>
</div>
</div>
</blockquote>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div>
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"></o:p></span></p>
</div>
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