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List: Carolina-Leps
Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2020 13:14:16 -0400
From: John Connors (via carolinaleps Mailing List) <carolinaleps...>
Subject: Re: Pee Dee NWR - Anson County - Leps

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One wonders if the spread of the Red Bay Ambrosia Beetle is beginning to
affect populations of Palamedes and Spicebush Swallowtail as it kills off
its host plants in SC.
John Connors, Raleigh, NC

On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 12:35 PM willstuart2001 <carolinaleps...>
wrote:

> I have been visiting the buttonbush on Wildlife Drive in the Pee Dee NWR
> and the mountain mint (Pycnanthemum tenuifolium) along Pinkston River Road.
>
>
>
> The buttonbush is mostly deserted. I have yet to see a dark swallowtail
> on the hundreds of buttonbush plants. I continue to wonder where the Pee
> Dee NWR Spicebush Swallowtails have gone. GTR and Leak Ferry Roads were
> both badly flooded in late May. Most gravel on both roads over-washed and
> the 2 roads are mostly deserted. Time will tell.
>
>
>
> I did find a 2nd Byssus Skipper on buttonbush at Ross Pond.
>
>
>
> The slender-leaf mountain mint is just reaching full bloom and should be
> good for another 2 weeks. It attracts many Common Buckeyes and yesterday
> attracted a very fresh Zebra Swallowtail. I always check for skippers and
> yesterday found a fresh FOY Eufala Skipper on the mint.
>
>
>
> Will Stuart
>
> Matthews, NC
>
>
>
> Saturday, 6/20/2020
>
> Spicebush Swallowtail
>
> 1
>
> Common Buckeye
>
> 15
>
> American Lady
>
> 4
>
> All on Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
>
> Sleepy Orange
>
> 2
>
> Cloudless Sulfur
>
> 1
>
> Cabbage White
>
> 1
>
> Pearl Crescent
>
> 2
>
> Fiery Skipper (female)
>
> 1
>
> BYSSUS SKIPPER
>
> 1
>
> 2nd in 2 days, on Buttonbush on the Ross Lake dam
>
> Monday, 6/22/2020
>
> Common Buckeye
>
> 20
>
> Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
>
> 5
>
> Zebra Swallowtail
>
> 3
>
> American Lady
>
> 5
>
> Red Admiral
>
> 1
>
> Cabbage White
>
> 1
>
> Sleepy Orange
>
> 1
>
> Fiery Skipper (male)
>
> 1
>
> EUFALA SKIPPER
>
> 1
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

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<div dir=3D"ltr">One wonders if the spread of the Red Bay Ambrosia Beetle i=
s beginning to affect populations of Palamedes and Spicebush Swallowtail as=
it kills off its host plants in=C2=A0SC.<div>John Connors, Raleigh, NC</di=
v></div><br><div class=3D"gmail_quote"><div dir=3D"ltr" class=3D"gmail_attr=
">On Tue, Jun 23, 2020 at 12:35 PM willstuart2001 &lt;<a href=3D"mailto:car=
<olinaleps...>"><carolinaleps...></a>&gt; wrote:<br></div><blockquo=
te class=3D"gmail_quote" style=3D"margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px =
solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div lang=3D"EN-US"><div class=3D"=
gmail-m_-427234636285773923WordSection1"><p class=3D"MsoNormal">I have been=
visiting the buttonbush on Wildlife Drive in the Pee Dee NWR and the mount=
ain mint (Pycnanthemum tenuifolium) along Pinkston River Road.<u></u><u></u=
></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal">=
The buttonbush is mostly deserted.=C2=A0 I have yet to see a dark swallowta=
il on the hundreds of buttonbush plants.=C2=A0 I continue to wonder where t=
he Pee Dee NWR Spicebush Swallowtails have gone.=C2=A0=C2=A0 GTR and Leak F=
erry Roads were both badly flooded in late May.=C2=A0 Most gravel on both r=
oads over-washed and the 2 roads are mostly deserted.=C2=A0 Time will tell.=
<u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal">I did find a 2<sup>nd</sup> Byssus Skipper on buttonbush at =
Ross Pond.<u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p>=
<p class=3D"MsoNormal">The slender-leaf mountain mint is just reaching full=
bloom and should be good for another 2 weeks.=C2=A0 It attracts many Commo=
n Buckeyes and yesterday attracted a very fresh Zebra Swallowtail.=C2=A0 I =
always check for skippers and yesterday found a fresh FOY Eufala Skipper on=
the mint.<u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p>=
<p class=3D"MsoNormal">Will Stuart<u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal">=
Matthews, NC<u></u><u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></=
p><table border=3D"0" cellspacing=3D"0" cellpadding=3D"0" width=3D"717" sty=
le=3D"width:538pt;border-collapse:collapse"><tbody><tr style=3D"height:15pt=
"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0=
in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Sa=
turday, 6/20/2020<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap vali=
gn=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td w=
idth=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;=
height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width=
:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><=
td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in =
5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Spice=
bush Swallowtail<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valig=
n=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D=
"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color=
:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bo=
ttom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"=
403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height=
:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=
=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D=
"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Common Buckeye<u></u><u></u></span>=
</p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padd=
ing:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"=
text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">15<u></u><u></u></span></p></=
td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0i=
n 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=
=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"heigh=
t:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;pad=
ding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:bla=
ck">American Lady<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap vali=
gn=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"co=
lor:black">4<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D=
"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=
=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;he=
ight:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">All on Pycnan=
themum tenuifolium<u></u><u></u></span></p></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15=
pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding=
:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">=
Sleepy Orange<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=
=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"=
MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:=
black">2<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bot=
tom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"4=
03" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:=
15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=
=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D=
"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Cloudless Sulfur<u></u><u></u></spa=
n></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;pa=
dding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=
=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p=
></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding=
:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" sty=
le=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"hei=
ght:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;p=
adding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:b=
lack">Cabbage White<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap va=
lign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"co=
lor:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D=
"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=
=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;he=
ight:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap val=
ign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Pearl Crescent<u></u><u></u></sp=
an></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;p=
adding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=
=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">2<u></u><u></u></span></p=
></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding=
:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" sty=
le=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"hei=
ght:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;p=
adding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:b=
lack">Fiery Skipper (female)<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" =
nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"=
><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span st=
yle=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap =
valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><=
td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in =
5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" no=
wrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt">=
<p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">BYSSUS SKIPPER<u></u><u>=
</u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"widt=
h:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right=
" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></s=
pan></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;=
padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bott=
om" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNorm=
al"><span style=3D"color:black">2nd in 2 days, on Buttonbush on the Ross La=
ke dam<u></u><u></u></span></p></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td widt=
h=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;h=
eight:15pt"></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:3=
5pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"b=
ottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D=
"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;heigh=
t:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=
=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td wi=
dth=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;h=
eight:15pt"></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2=
1pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"=
bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr s=
tyle=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"wi=
dth:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valig=
n=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td wi=
dth=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;h=
eight:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:=
302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><t=
d width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5=
.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Monday=
, 6/22/2020<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"=
bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=
=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;heig=
ht:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302=
pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td w=
idth=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4p=
t;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Common Bu=
ckeye<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom=
" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"=
align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">20<=
u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" styl=
e=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowra=
p valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></t=
d></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom"=
style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"=
><span style=3D"color:black">Eastern Tiger Swallowtail<u></u><u></u></span>=
</p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padd=
ing:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"=
text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">5<u></u><u></u></span></p></t=
d><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in=
5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=
=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"heigh=
t:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;pad=
ding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:bla=
ck">Zebra Swallowtail<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap =
valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"=
color:black">3<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=
=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td wid=
th=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;=
height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap v=
align=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">American Lady<u></u><u></u></s=
pan></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;=
padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=
=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">5<u></u><u></u></span></p=
></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding=
:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" sty=
le=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"hei=
ght:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;p=
adding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:b=
lack">Red Admiral<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap vali=
gn=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"co=
lor:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D=
"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=
=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;he=
ight:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap val=
ign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Cabbage White<u></u><u></u></spa=
n></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;pa=
dding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=
=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p=
></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding=
:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" sty=
le=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"hei=
ght:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;p=
adding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:b=
lack">Sleepy Orange<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap va=
lign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"co=
lor:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D=
"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=
=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;he=
ight:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap val=
ign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=
=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"color:black">Fiery Skipper (male)<u></u><u></=
u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:=
35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" =
style=3D"text-align:right"><span style=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></spa=
n></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;pa=
dding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom=
" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=
=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:=
2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><span style=3D"=
color:black">EUFALA SKIPPER<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"47" n=
owrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt">=
<p class=3D"MsoNormal" align=3D"right" style=3D"text-align:right"><span sty=
le=3D"color:black">1<u></u><u></u></span></p></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap v=
align=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><t=
d width=3D"403" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5=
.4pt;height:15pt"></td></tr><tr style=3D"height:15pt"><td width=3D"240" now=
rap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:2.5in;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"><=
/td><td width=3D"47" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:35pt;padding:0=
in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"28" nowrap valign=3D"bottom" style=
=3D"width:21pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td><td width=3D"403" nowrap=
valign=3D"bottom" style=3D"width:302pt;padding:0in 5.4pt;height:15pt"></td=
></tr></tbody></table><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p cla=
ss=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=
=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"MsoNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p><p class=3D"Ms=
oNormal"><u></u>=C2=A0<u></u></p></div></div></blockquote></div>

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