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List: CalOdes
Date: Wed, 24 Jun 2020 12:52:30 -0700
From: Kathy &/or Dave Biggs <bigsnest...>
Subject: Re: [CalOdes] More on Santa Barbara's Black Spreadwings

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Thanks for the reply Dennis.

Good for everyone to know!

Kathy

On 6/24/2020 12:03 PM, Dennis Paulson wrote:
> As Jim said, this is SOP for many spreadwings. Indeed, when the rains=20
> come they=E2=80=99ll flood the basin, and as the temperatures rise in sp=
ring,=20
> the eggs will hatch, and the larvae will fall into the water. They=20
> hatch into a prolarva, which is a funny-looking little thing that=20
> wiggles its way out of the plant and into the water, then immediately=20
> molts into the first-instar larva, which actually looks like a larval=20
> damselfly. Then they will grow fairly quickly and emerge in a month or=
=20
> two to begin the cycle again.
>
> The adults spend some time away from the water in an immature=20
> condition, then mature sexually and come back to the water to oviposit=
=20
> in plants, often over dry basins. I presume they have a way of=20
> recognizing places that will be flooded in the future, perhaps even by=
=20
> the plant species that grow there. It doesn=E2=80=99t always work, and y=
ou can=20
> envision how badly droughts could affect a species such as this one.
>
> Dennis Paulson
> Seattle
>
>> On Jun 24, 2020, at 11:40 AM, Hugh Ranson <hranson...>=20
>> <mailto:<hranson...>> wrote:
>>
>> Last week I wrote here about Nick Lethaby's and my discovery of a new=
=20
>> species for Santa Barbara county, CA, the Black Spreadwing at a=20
>> seasonal pond along West Camino Cielo, which runs along the spine of=20
>> the Santa Ynez Mountain range. Yesterday, Larry Ballard, Mark Bright,=
=20
>> Bill Murdoch, Wim van Dam, and I ventured back to the pond. The water=
=20
>> level had dropped a fair amount, but the numbers of Black Spreadwings=
=20
>> had gone the other way. We were gobsmacked by what we found. There=20
>> were well over 200 individuals. We counted more than 80 pairs in=20
>> wheel and tandem, and these were the insects visible from one spot=20
>> only. The cropped photos give some idea of the numbers. All=20
>> spreadwings netted, photographed, or viewed through binoculars were=20
>> Black Spreadwing. I presume that they are laying eggs on (or in?) the=
=20
>> emergent vegetation, and these eggs will survive after the pond dries=
=20
>> and then the first winter rains arrive (usually November or=20
>> December). According to Jim Johnson, "this is standard operating=20
>> procedure for many spreadwings in that habitat."
>> What happens next? Do the eggs hatch and the larvae fall into the=20
>> water? Does anyone know the mechanism the species would employ for=20
>> getting back to the water?
>> Mark Bright photographed spreadwings at this same location last=20
>> summer, and while the photos are not conclusive, they are very much=20
>> suggestive of the same species, so it's likely they've been around=20
>> for a while. Other species present included Wandering Glider (1),=20
>> Common Whitetail (1), Western Forktail (1), and Common Green Darner (1)=
.
>> Hugh Ranson
>> Santa Barbara
>> <_MG_6039.jpg><_MG_6032.jpg><_MG_5965.jpg>
>
>=20


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