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Date: Wed, 23 Sep 2020 00:36:37 +0000 (UTC)
From: fsmodel via MassLep <masslep...>
Subject: [MassLep] 2020 October Derby

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Hi Everyone,
=C2=A0October is just around the corner. I am seeing lots of reports from t=
he field and note that the late season migrants appear to be showing up in =
good numbers this year, even if no Long-Tailed Skippers yet.
I am happy to announce=C2=A0that, although I remain permanently in absentia=
in Southern California, I plan to run=C2=A0the "October Derby" again this =
year [rules below].=C2=A0It's always hard to predict how well we'll do. In =
2017, we shattered our previous record year from 2012, and 2019 was a decen=
t year based on our history: I challenge you to do better in 2020. Here's t=
he history:=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0MBC =C2=A0[Colle=
ctively]=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=
=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0Me =
=C2=A0[Personally]=C2=A0
2006 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A034 species =C2=A0=
=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 22 s=
pecies=C2=A0
2007 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A037 species =C2=A0 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 24 speci=
es=C2=A0
2008=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A032 species=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=
=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A020 species2009=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 26 species=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=
=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 12 species2010=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 33 species=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=
=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 14 species2011=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 33 species=C2=A0=
=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A017 species2012=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=
42 species*=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=
=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0=C2=A0 23 species2=
013 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A035 species** =C2=A0 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 21 species2014 =
=C2=A028-30 species =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 n/a2015 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 33 species*** =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 n=
/a2016 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A039 species=C2=A0 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =
=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0n/a2017=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0=
=C2=A0 =C2=A046.5 species****=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0n/a2018 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =
=C2=A0 =C2=A0=C2=A0 29=C2=A0species***** =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0=
=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0n/a2019=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=
=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 35 species******=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0=
=C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 =C2=A0 n/a
*Plus two additional larvae [pipevine swallowtail + giant swallowtail] =3D =
44!**Plus three additional larvae [giant swallowtail + harvester + red-spot=
ted purple] =3D 38***Plus one additional larva [spicebush swallowtail] =3D =
34****Plus two additional larvae [Baltimore checkerspot + giant swallowtail=
] =3D 48.5*****Plus two additional larvae [Baltimore checkerspot + giant sw=
allowtail] + one additional chrysalis [spicebush swallowtail] =3D 32******P=
lus three additional subadults [giant swallowtail, spicebush swallowtail, B=
altimore checkerspot] =3D 38=C2=A0With luck [no early killer frost],=C2=A0t=
he club should look to book at least 30 species. With a good showing of the=
migrant species and broad coverage of the state, another record year is no=
t out of the question, though 2017 will be very tough to beat. In general, =
personal targets of 15 or 20 are reasonable, but require diligence. It's su=
rprising how hard those last few species become.
To review the ground rules, on October 1, we wipe our species slates clean =
and see how many species we can turn up in Massachusetts during =C2=A0the m=
onth of October.=C2=A0=C2=A0All you need do is post your sightings here on =
the MBC Listserve, which most of=C2=A0you do anyway. I also check the Massa=
chusetts Butterflies group on Facebook periodically. I'll keep score and pr=
ovide updates, along with a final count at the end of the month.
This should be treated=C2=A0as a group project, purely for the fun of it. I=
'll be posting the aggregate MBC list only, not individual ones. [I don't e=
ven keep track of individual counts.] Because of budgetary limitations [nam=
ely no budget] there are no prizes, aside from our collective satisfaction =
in sending the 2020 butterfly season out with a bang.
Remember, the derby begins at the stroke=C2=A0of midnight as Wednesday, Sep=
tember 30 becomes Thursday, October 1. This year, October has three weekend=
s. That should help boost the numbers a little. That, plus the fact many of=
us are not at work these days.
No need to send me separate communications [unless you don't post to MassLe=
p] - I'll be monitoring the MassLep postings and issuing frequent updates.=
=C2=A0=C2=A0
Finally, FYI, I append the list of last year's=C2=A0October species, of whi=
ch there were 38, counting the three subadults..
Happy butterflying.=C2=A0
Cheers,Frank

October 2019 Sightings List[Through October 25]Massachusetts=C2=A0Butterfly=
ClubComposite Listing [35 adults + 3 subadults =3D 38=C2=A0species]=C2=A0A=
merican CopperAmerican LadyBaltimore Checkerspot [Larva]Black SwallowtailBr=
onze CopperCabbage WhiteClouded SulphurCloudless=C2=A0 SulphurCommon Buckey=
eCommon RingletEastern CommaEastern Tailed BlueEastern Tiger SwallowtailFie=
ry SkipperGiant Swallowtail [Larva]Gray HairstreakGreat Spangled Fritillary=
Least SkipperLong-Tailed SkipperMilbert's TortoiseshellMonarchMourning Cloa=
kOcola SikpperOrange SulphurPainted LadyPeck's SkipperPearl CrescentRed Adm=
iralQuesion MarkRed-Banded HairstreakSachemSilver-Bordered FritillarySilver=
-Spotted SkipperSpicebush Swallowtail [Larva, Chrysalis]Summer AzureVariega=
ted FritillaryViceroyWild Indigo Duskywing=C2=A0

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<div style=3D"color:black;font: 10pt arial;">
<div><span style=3D"font-size: medium; font-family: Arial; background-color=
: transparent;">Hi Everyone,</span><br>
</div>

<div>
<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3"><span=
style=3D"font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"></font></span></font>&nbsp;</d=
iv>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">Octob=
er is just around the corner. I am seeing lots of reports from the field an=
d note that the late season migrants appear to be showing up in good number=
s this year, even if no Long-Tailed Skippers yet.</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3"><br c=
lear=3D"none"></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">I am =
happy to announce&nbsp;that, although I remain permanently in absentia in S=
outhern California, I plan to run&nbsp;</font><font size=3D"3"><span style=
=3D"font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">the "October Derby" again this year =
[rules below].&nbsp;It's always hard to predict how well we'll do. In 2017,=
we shattered our previous record year from 2012, and 2019 was a decent yea=
r based on our history: I challenge you to do better in 2020. Here's the hi=
story:</font></span></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">&nbsp=
;&nbsp;&nbsp;</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">&nbsp=
;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;MBC &nbsp;[Collectively]&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&n=
bsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp=
;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Me &nbsp;[Personally]&nbsp;<br clear=
=3D"none">2006 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;34 spec=
ies &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &=
nbsp; 22 species&nbsp;<br clear=3D"none">2007 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &=
nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;37 species &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nb=
sp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 24 species&nbsp;<br clear=3D"none">2008&nbs=
p;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;32 species&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;=
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nb=
sp;20 species</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">2009&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbs=
p; 26 species&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&n=
bsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 12 s=
pecies</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2010&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 33 species&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp=
;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&n=
bsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 14 species</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2011&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 33 species&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp=
;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&n=
bsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;17 species</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2012&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 42 species*&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbs=
p;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&=
nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; 23 species</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2013 &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; =
&nbsp;35 species** &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; =
&nbsp; &nbsp; 21 species</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2014<span class=3D"yiv7824180746aolmail_aolmail=
_Apple-tab-span" style=3D"white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp;28-30 species<sp=
an class=3D"yiv7824180746aolmail_aolmail_Apple-tab-span" style=3D"white-spa=
ce: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; n/a</font></s=
pan></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">2015<span class=3D"yiv7824180746aolmail_aolmail=
_Apple-tab-span" style=3D"white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 3=
3 species***<span class=3D"yiv7824180746aolmail_aolmail_Apple-tab-span" sty=
le=3D"white-space: pre;"> </span>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;=
n/a</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">2016 =
&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;39 species</font>&nbsp; &nb=
sp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &=
nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<font size=3D"3">n/a</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">2017&=
nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;46.5 species****&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp=
; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;n/a</font><=
/div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">2018 =
&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; 29&nbsp;species***** &nbsp;=
&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;n/a</=
font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">2019&=
nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; 35 species******&nbsp; &nbs=
p; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; n/a</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3"><br c=
lear=3D"none"></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">*Plus two additional larvae [pipevine swallowta=
il + giant swallowtail] =3D 44!</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">**Plus three additional larvae [giant swallowta=
il + harvester + red-spotted purple] =3D 38</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">***Plus one additional larva [spicebush swallow=
tail] =3D 34</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">****Plus two additional larvae [Baltimore check=
erspot + giant swallowtail] =3D 48.5</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">*****Plus two additional larvae [Baltimore chec=
kerspot + giant swallowtail] + one additional chrysalis [spicebush swallowt=
ail] =3D 32</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">******Plus three additional subadults [giant sw=
allowtail, spicebush swallowtail, Baltimore checkerspot] =3D 38</font></spa=
n></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"></font></span>&nbsp;</div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">With luck [no early killer frost],&nbsp;the clu=
b should look to book at least 30 species. With a good showing of the migra=
nt species and broad coverage of the state, another record year is not out =
of the question, though 2017 will be very tough to beat. In general, person=
al targets of 15 or 20 are reasonable, but require diligence. It's surprisi=
ng how hard those last few species become.</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br clear=3D"none"></font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-size: 13.3333px;">
<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3">To re=
view the ground rules, on October 1, we wipe our species slates clean and s=
ee how many species we can turn up in Massachusetts during &nbsp;the month =
of October.&nbsp;&nbsp;All you need do is post your sightings here on the M=
BC Listserve, which most of&nbsp;you do anyway. I also check the Massachuse=
tts Butterflies group on Facebook periodically. I'll keep score and provide=
updates, along with a final count at the end of the month.</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3"><br c=
lear=3D"none"></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><font size=3D"3"><span=
style=3D"font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">This should be treated&nbsp;as=
a group project, purely for the fun of it. I'll be posting the aggregate M=
BC list only, not individual ones. [I don't even keep track of individual c=
ounts.] Because of budgetary limitations [namely no budget] t</font></span>=
<span style=3D"font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">here are no prizes, aside=
from our collective satisfaction in sending the 2020 butterfly season out =
with a bang.</font></span></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br clear=3D"none"></font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">Remember, the derby begins at the stroke</font>=
</span><span style=3D"font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">&nbsp;of midnight =
as Wednesday, September 30 becomes Thursday, October 1. This year, October =
has three weekends. That should help boost the numbers a little. That, plus=
the fact many of us are not at work these days.</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br clear=3D"none"></font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">No need to send me separate communications [unl=
ess you don't post to MassLep] - I'll be monitoring the MassLep postings an=
d issuing frequent updates.&nbsp;&nbsp;</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br clear=3D"none"></font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">Finally, FYI, I append the list of last year's&=
nbsp;October species, of which there were 38, counting the three subadults.=
.</font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br clear=3D"none"></font></span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: small;"><span style=3D"font-si=
ze: medium;">Happy butterflying.&nbsp;</span></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br cl=
ear=3D"none"></font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">Cheers=
,</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3">Frank<=
/font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br>
</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;"><font size=3D"3"><br>
</font></div>

<div style=3D"font-family: Arial; font-size: 10pt;">
<div align=3D"center" class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail=
_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_ao=
lmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolma=
il_aolmail_MsoNormal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; text-align: center; margin:=
0in 0in 0pt;"><b><span style=3D"font-size: 11pt;">October 2019 Sightings L=
ist</span></b></div>

<div align=3D"center" class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail=
_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_ao=
lmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolma=
il_aolmail_MsoNormal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; text-align: center; margin:=
0in 0in 0pt;"><b><span style=3D"font-size: 11pt;">[Through October 25]</sp=
an></b></div>

<div align=3D"center" class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail=
_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_ao=
lmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolma=
il_aolmail_MsoNormal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; text-align: center; margin:=
0in 0in 0pt;"><span style=3D"font-size: 11pt;">Massachusetts</span><span s=
tyle=3D"font-size: 11pt;">&nbsp;Butterfly Club</span></div>

<div align=3D"center" class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail=
_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_ao=
lmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolma=
il_aolmail_MsoNormal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; text-align: center; margin:=
0in 0in 0pt;"><span style=3D"font-size: 11pt;">Composite Listing [35 a</sp=
an><span style=3D"font-size: 14.6667px;">dults + 3 subadults =3D 38&nbsp;</=
span><span style=3D"font-size: 14.6667px;">species]</span></div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390yqt0623282272" id=3D"yiv0628753390yqtfd03164" st=
yle=3D"font-family: arial, helvetica; font-size: 13.3333px;">
<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;"><s=
pan style=3D"font-size: 11pt;">&nbsp;</span></div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Am=
erican Copper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Am=
erican Lady</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Ba=
ltimore Checkerspot [Larva]</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Bl=
ack Swallowtail</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Br=
onze Copper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Ca=
bbage White</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Cl=
ouded Sulphur</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Cl=
oudless&nbsp; Sulphur</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Co=
mmon Buckeye</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Co=
mmon Ringlet</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Ea=
stern Comma</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Ea=
stern Tailed Blue</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Ea=
stern Tiger Swallowtail</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Fi=
ery Skipper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Gi=
ant Swallowtail [Larva]</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Gr=
ay Hairstreak</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Gr=
eat Spangled Fritillary</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Le=
ast Skipper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Lo=
ng-Tailed Skipper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Mi=
lbert's Tortoiseshell</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390yqt7323291583" id=3D"yiv0628753390yqtfd51752">
<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Mo=
narch</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Mo=
urning Cloak</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Oc=
ola Sikpper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Or=
ange Sulphur</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Pa=
inted Lady</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Pe=
ck's Skipper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Pe=
arl Crescent</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Re=
d Admiral</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Qu=
esion Mark</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Re=
d-Banded Hairstreak</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Sa=
chem</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Si=
lver-Bordered Fritillary</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Si=
lver-Spotted Skipper</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Sp=
icebush Swallowtail [Larva, Chrysalis]</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Su=
mmer Azure</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Va=
riegated Fritillary</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Vi=
ceroy</div>

<div class=3D"yiv0628753390aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_=
aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aol=
mail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_aolmail_MsoNor=
mal" style=3D"font-size: 10pt; font-family: Arial; margin: 0in 0in 0pt;">Wi=
ld Indigo Duskywing</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<div>
<div style=3D"font-family: arial, helvetica; font-size: 13.3333px;"><b styl=
e=3D"font-size: 10pt; text-align: center; font-family: Arial;"><span style=
=3D"font-size: 11pt;">&nbsp;</span></b></div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>

<p></p>

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