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List: NorWest Leps
Date: Sun, 1 Jan 2023 09:11:11 -0700
From: Norbert Kondla <nkondla...>
Subject: [NorWestLeps] A Cloak eye-opener story ---

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A little story to start the new year. As recently as July of 2005 I was
essentially ignorant about the nominal species Nymphalis antiopa aka
Trauermantel aka Morio aka Mourning Cloak etc etc. It was a species that I
infrequently encountered, had not done any reading about and probably only
had one or two specimens stuck on pins.

At the time I was living in SE British Columbia and in August decided that
I wanted to go to Alaska to visit Ken Philip to chat and ogle his butterfly
collection. I went via Edmonton, Alberta to pick up Joe Belicek who also
wanted to do that. Of course we made roadside stops for leg stretches and
opportunities to collect some butterflies. At that late time in the boreal
butterfly calendar we of course mostly encountered the forest anglewing
group of critters.

For reasons that I cannot recall (other than ignorance); I was surprised
when I started to pull N. antiopa out of my net and seeing that they had
distinctly reddish uppersides when viewed under the bright sunny sky.
Somehow I had the idea that Cloaks should not be that color.

After several days of driving through the pacific northwest of North
America and multiple roadside bug stops; we arrived at Ken's place near
Fairbanks. When I started going through his collection I noticed that of
course he had a substantial spread series of Alaska Cloaks, which also were
dorsally reddish. But I also noticed that he had some Cloaks from eastern
USA that looked different than the Alaska specimens.

On return trip, when dropping Joe off at this home in Edmonton; I looked at
his European Cloaks and saw that they looked different from both the
Alaskan, Yukon and northern BC Cloaks that I had been seeing and also
different from the eastern USA specimens I saw in the Philip collection.

Here is a link to crude specimen pics showing what I saw:
https://flic.kr/p/2o93q39

The trip was an eye-opener for me in revealing that Cloaks do indeed show
geographic variation, contrary to much of the literature. Hundreds of hours
subsequently spent with the literature and specimens has confirmed my
initial impressions that antiopa, hyperborea, and lintnerii are different
taxa. Of course in August of 2005 the names hyperborea and lintnerii were
not in my vocabulary.

Here is a little overview thumbnail graphic showing the 3 Cloak taxa I
mentioned.
https://flic.kr/p/2o6qZgd

And there are many additional Cloak pics in this album
https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/albums/72157642797352014

I am still grinding away at processing the hundreds of Cloak pics I
generated 8 years ago ---
so more graphics will be added to the album


--
Norbert Kondla
Calgary, Alberta, Canada (elevation 1060 metres asl)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/


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<div dir=3D"ltr">A little story to start the new year. As recently as July =
of 2005 I was essentially ignorant about the nominal species Nymphalis anti=
opa aka Trauermantel aka Morio aka Mourning Cloak etc etc. It was a species=
that I infrequently encountered, had not done any reading about and probab=
ly only had one or two specimens stuck on pins.<div><br><div>At the time I =
was living in SE British Columbia and in August decided that I wanted to go=
to Alaska to visit Ken Philip to chat and ogle his butterfly collection. I=
went via Edmonton, Alberta to pick up Joe Belicek who also wanted to do th=
at. Of course we made roadside stops for leg stretches and opportunities to=
collect some butterflies. At that late time in the boreal butterfly calend=
ar we of course mostly encountered the forest anglewing group of critters.<=
/div><div><br></div><div>For reasons that I cannot recall (other than ignor=
ance); I was surprised when I started to pull N. antiopa out of my net and =
seeing that they had distinctly reddish uppersides when viewed under the br=
ight sunny sky. Somehow I had the idea that Cloaks should not be that color=
.</div><div><br></div><div>After several days of driving through the pacifi=
c northwest of North America and multiple roadside bug stops; we arrived at=
Ken&#39;s place near Fairbanks. When I started going through his collectio=
n I noticed that of course he had a substantial spread series of Alaska Clo=
aks, which also were dorsally reddish. But I also noticed that he had some =
Cloaks from eastern USA that looked different than the Alaska specimens.</d=
iv><div><br></div><div>On return trip, when dropping Joe off at this home i=
n Edmonton; I looked at his European Cloaks and saw that they looked differ=
ent from both the Alaskan, Yukon and northern BC Cloaks that I had been see=
ing and also different from the eastern USA specimens I saw in the Philip c=
ollection.</div><div><br></div><div>Here is a link to crude specimen pics s=
howing what I saw:</div><div><a href=3D"https://flic.kr/p/2o93q39" target=
=3D"_blank">https://flic.kr/p/2o93q39</a></div><div><br></div><div>The trip=
was an eye-opener for me in revealing that Cloaks do indeed show geographi=
c variation, contrary to much of the literature. Hundreds of hours subseque=
ntly spent with the literature and specimens has confirmed my initial impre=
ssions that antiopa, hyperborea, and lintnerii are different taxa. Of cours=
e in August of 2005 the names hyperborea and lintnerii were not in my vocab=
ulary.</div><div><br></div><div>Here is a little overview thumbnail graphic=
showing the 3 Cloak taxa I mentioned.</div><div><a href=3D"https://flic.kr=
/p/2o6qZgd">https://flic.kr/p/2o6qZgd</a><br></div><div><br></div><div>And =
there are many additional Cloak pics in this album</div><div><a href=3D"htt=
ps://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/albums/72157642797352014">https://=
www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/albums/72157642797352014</a><br></div><=
div><br></div><div>I am still grinding away at processing the hundreds of C=
loak pics I generated 8 years ago ---</div><div>so more graphics will be ad=
ded to the album</div><div><br clear=3D"all"><div><br></div>-- <br><div dir=
=3D"ltr" data-smartmail=3D"gmail_signature"><div dir=3D"ltr">Norbert Kondla=
<div>Calgary, Alberta, Canada=C2=A0 (elevation 1060 metres asl)</div><div><=
a href=3D"https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/" target=3D"_blank">h=
ttps://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/</a><br></div><div><br></div></d=
iv></div></div></div></div>


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