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List: NorWest Leps
Date: Wed, 4 Jan 2023 07:48:16 -0700
From: Norbert Kondla <nkondla...>
Subject: Re: [NorWestLeps] [TILS] Cloak habitats

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Yes, I recall from past literature review that there is substantial
variation in the way that people apply the
word 'migration'; thus making it unclear just what the story really is. I
don't recall seeing any evidence for our
North American Cloaks engaging in migration as defined by long distance
annual unidirectional movements.
But in Europe there has been documentation of the real Cloaks having
irregular mass movements over distance;
which I do not consider to be migration.

On Tue, Jan 3, 2023 at 10:32 PM Harry Pavulaan <harrypav...> wrote:

> Norbert:
>
> I have only ever found Cloaks in mature deciduous forest in the east,
> though twice I found larvae on Salix nigra in open, shrubby habitats.
>
> There are many reports along the southern New England shoreline of
> migratory movement of Cloaks toward the south and west when the Monarchs
> are migrating. I have not seen this and it may be a localized movement. I
> have, however, witnessed Polygonia interrogationis migrating along the
> shoreline and P. comma migrating south overland. These also may be
> localized movements, as both do hibernate here.
>
> Harry
>
>
> On Jan 3, 2023 at 8:46 AM, Norbert Kondla <nkondla...> wrote:
>
> Prior to August 2005 I had found Nymphalis antiopa hyperborea in a variety
> of upland forest habitats and even in bits of riparian woodland/willow
> shrubbery of the North American prairie region. In August 2005 Ken Philip
> took Joe and I to the Bonanaza Creek bog near Fairbanks for some butterfly
> fun and there I was able to add spruce bog to the list of habitats used by
> Cloaks. Here are some pics; the sky was murky due to forest fire smoke
> https://flic.kr/p/2o9r2QY
>
> --
> Norbert Kondla
> Calgary, Alberta, Canada (elevation 1060 metres asl)
> https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/
>
>
>
>
>

--
Norbert Kondla
Calgary, Alberta, Canada (elevation 1060 metres asl)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/


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<div dir=3D"ltr">Yes, I recall from past literature review that there is su=
bstantial variation in the way that people apply the<div>word &#39;migratio=
n&#39;; thus making it unclear just what the story really is. I don&#39;t r=
ecall seeing any evidence for our</div><div>North American Cloaks engaging =
in migration as defined by long distance annual unidirectional movements.<b=
r>But in Europe there has been documentation of the real Cloaks having irre=
gular mass movements over distance;=C2=A0</div><div>which I do not consider=
to be migration.</div></div><br><div class=3D"gmail_quote"><div dir=3D"ltr=
" class=3D"gmail_attr">On Tue, Jan 3, 2023 at 10:32 PM Harry Pavulaan &lt;<=
a href=3D"mailto:<harrypav...>"><harrypav...></a>&gt; wrote:<=
br></div><blockquote class=3D"gmail_quote" style=3D"margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8e=
x;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div id=3D"m_533=
2076239531111117edo-message"><div><div>Norbert:</div><div><br></div><div>I =
have only ever found Cloaks in mature deciduous forest in the east, though =
twice I found larvae on Salix nigra in open, shrubby habitats.</div><div><b=
r></div><div>There are many reports along the southern New England shorelin=
e of migratory movement of Cloaks toward the south and west when the Monarc=
hs are migrating.=C2=A0 I have not seen this and it may be a localized move=
ment.=C2=A0 I have, however, witnessed Polygonia interrogationis migrating =
along the shoreline and P. comma migrating south overland.=C2=A0 These also=
may be localized movements, as both do hibernate here.</div><div><br></div=
><div>Harry</div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div id=3D"m_533207623953111=
1117edo-signature"><pre></pre></div></div></div><div id=3D"m_53320762395311=
11117edo-original"><div><blockquote type=3D"cite" style=3D"margin:1ex 0px 0=
px;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:0.4ex"><div id=3D"m_=
5332076239531111117edo-meta">On Jan 3, 2023 at 8:46 AM, Norbert Kondla &lt;=
<a href=3D"mailto:<nkondla...>" target=3D"_blank"><nkondla...></a=
>&gt; wrote: <br><br></div><div dir=3D"ltr">Prior to August 2005 I had foun=
d Nymphalis antiopa hyperborea in a variety of upland forest habitats and e=
ven in bits of riparian woodland/willow shrubbery of the North American pra=
irie region. In August 2005 Ken Philip took Joe and I to the Bonanaza Creek=
bog near Fairbanks for some butterfly fun and there I was able to add spru=
ce bog to the list of habitats used by Cloaks. Here are some pics; the sky =
was murky due to forest fire smoke<div><a href=3D"https://flic.kr/p/2o9r2QY=
" target=3D"_blank">https://flic.kr/p/2o9r2QY</a><br clear=3D"all"><div><br=
></div>-- <br><div dir=3D"ltr"><div dir=3D"ltr">Norbert Kondla<div>Calgary,=
Alberta, Canada=C2=A0 (elevation 1060 metres asl)</div><div><a href=3D"htt=
ps://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/" target=3D"_blank">https://www.fl=
ickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/</a><br></div><div><br></div></div></div></di=
v></div>


=20

<br></blockquote></div></div>




<p></p><p></p></blockquote></div><br clear=3D"all"><div><br></div>-- <br><d=
iv dir=3D"ltr" class=3D"gmail_signature"><div dir=3D"ltr">Norbert Kondla<di=
v>Calgary, Alberta, Canada=C2=A0 (elevation 1060 metres asl)</div><div><a h=
ref=3D"https://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/" target=3D"_blank">http=
s://www.flickr.com/photos/118126948@N03/</a><br></div><div><br></div></div>=
</div>


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